Political cartoons are taken from the book "Iconography of the New Empire," by Servando D. Halili Jr. (UP Press)

I had long known about the phrase “white man’s burden,” but it wasn’t until recently that I learned that it originally referred to the ‘benevolent’ American occupation of the Philippines. I cannot come close to explaining how much that affected me.

* * * * *

White Man’s Burden, by R. Kipling (published 1899).

Take up the White Man’s burden–
Send forth the best ye breed–
Go bind your sons to exile
To serve your captives’ need;
To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild–
Your new-caught, sullen peoples,
Half-devil and half-child. (more…)